Tag Archives: Battle of Bladensburg

Bladensburg – August 24th 1814

Here is another scenario for the War of 1812, hope you enjoy it.

Back ground

The British forces were charged with creating a diversion to the invasion of New York from Canada led by Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost. Major General Robert Ross was the commander challenged with this. One of the positive points was that, following the defeat of Napoleon it allowed Wellington to release a large number of his seasoned troops to be sent to North America. The down side was that at the start of the battle many of the troops had only spent a few days ashore stretching legs etc having been cramped up on board for 3 months.

In Washington there was confusion as to where the British were intending to attack. Would they head for Washington, strategically unimportant but the Capital or Baltimore with its commercial targets including boatyards? Which to defend?

North

Bladensburg

Order of battle

British

Major General Ross – Command Rating Good

          Light Brigade – Col. Thornton – Command Rating Good

85th Light Infantry 4SP Rifle      B/C/A    may skirmish and or detach coy

Converged Lights     3SP SBM      B/C/C may skirmish and or detach coy

Royal Marines           1SP SBM     C/C/C

2nd Brigade – Col. Brooks – Command Rating Good

4th Kings Own Foot   3SP SBM   B/C/B may detach coy

44th Foot     3SP SBM          B/C/B may detach coy

3rd Brigade – Col. Patterson – Command Rating Poor

21st Foot   3SP SBM   C/C/D may detach coy

Royal Marines       3SP SBM  C/C/C

Rocket Battery      C/C/C

Artillery Battery   Med SB Cannon C/C/C

 

Americans

Major general Winder – Command rating Poor

            Maryland Militia – Brigadier Shansbury – Command rating Poor

1st Baltimore militia  4SP SBM D/D/E

2nd Baltimore militia  4SP SBM D/D/E

5th Baltimore militia  4SP SBM C/D/B

            Columbia District Militia – Brigadier Smith – Command rating Poor

US Reg Inf      3SP SBM C/D/E

US Marines     3SP SBM C/D/C

1st Columbia militia    4SP SBM D/D/E

2nd Columbia militia  4SP SBM D/D/E

3rd Columbia militia    4SP SBM D/D/E

Annapolis militia         3SP SBM D/D/E

Maryland militia          1SP SBM D/D/E

Artillery Battery 1       Heavy SB Cannon C/D/B

Artillery Battery 2       Heavy SB Cannon C/D/B

Independent Units

Naval Yard Rifles        2SP RM B/D/D

Naval Yard Rifles        1SP RM B/D/D

Dragoons                     1SP Carb D/C/C

Irish artillery               Light SB Cannon C/C/D

Baltimore artillery      Light SB Cannon C/C/D

 

Deployment

The British enter along the road marked B In any order Player wishes.

The Americans deploy

Smith’s Brigade – South of the Thornecliff’s creek.

Shansbury’s Brigade – Between the creek and the Potomac River

The independent units – Anywhere to the west of the Potomac.

 

The Potomac is fordable along its entire length although at 1/4 speed. Any unit firing or fighting while in the river is treated as if shaken. This does not apply to morale tests.

Bladensburg is a 2 square town with each square capable of holding 2 regiments of infantry for defense. See rules.

Activation Cards

To represent the better level of command each British unit and commander will have an activation card.

The Americans suffered from  Politicians interference in their deployment. This resulted in many units not sure who their field commanders were. To represent this only American commanders , Independant units and the 2 batteries of field guns in Smith’s command have activation cards.

Objectives

British have to break 50% of American Units to claim a victory with a loss of no more than 20% of their own. The British were desperate to get to Washington so they have 12 plus D6 turns to achieve. Once this number of turns is reached add a End Of Game Card to the deck. The game continues until this card is drawn. Must exit Washington road with 2 units that are not shaken and hold road.

Americans claim a victory if they can inflict 30% casualties without losing more than 50% of their units.

All others out comes are a draw.

Hope you enjoy this scenario.

 

 

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Filed under America 1812, Battle of Bladensburg, KGCAWO, Napoleonics, Scenarios, Wargame Rules